Information about Peru

Travel Life Peru 22 September, 2015 Culture

Every place on Earth is fascinating but Peru is unique. Peru is not only archaeological sites. Peru is an alive culture. Peru has an invaluable cultural diversity expressed in 72 indigenous and tropical nationalities corresponding to about 12 language families that occupy more than 10% of the country (or nearly all of Portugal), to which are added the Quechua and Aymara Andean societies.
All of them have managed to adapt and endure over time in a dynamic process of cultural exchange which must be added the influence of other cultures such as Spanish, African and Chinese, constituting a cultural richness that is expressed in a number of practices, representations and artistic expressions and festive, native languages, worldviews, knowledge and skills as food, medicine, crafts, textiles and various tools, artefacts and cultural spaces, which has laid the foundation for a national identity complex. This enormous wealth testifies as many of our cultural expressions remain alive, constantly exchanging and contributing from their own spaces and values to national development.
Together with this important cultural heritage, Peru is one of the 8 mega-diverse countries in the world. Peru has a wonderful natural wealth that has allowed time being and existence of diverse societies. Peru has 84 of the 117 life zones of the world, 28 of the 32 types of climate in the world; 25,000 species of flora; 75,000 endemic plants; 4,400 native plants used by the population; 128 domesticated native plants; 2000 species of marine and freshwater fish; 3,000 species of orchids and access to 3 macrocuencas: Amazon, Lake Titicaca and the Pacific.
In resume, the reasons that you must visit Peru are:

  • To figure out its ancient ruins
  • To see its natural diversity
  • To experience its culture
  • To meet friendly people
  • To enjoy their culinary delights
  • To feel environment
  • To participate in its colorful festivals
  • To know the wonderful wildlife
  • To do adventures sports

  • Peru has a multicultural environments. From the coast to the mountains and the rainforest, you can enjoy with the friendly, hospitality and warmth of its people.
    Travel Life Peru wants to share the culture, history, and nature, everything about Peru will be a unique mixture of people, creation and innovation, every day, connecting services for you and making you to feel at home.

Useful information

Tourist Visas

Citizens from most countries in the Americas and Western Europe do not require visas to enter Peru. Bolivians, Ecuadorians, Brazilians, and Chileans may enter determined regions of the country just by presenting their national identification documents. The maximum authorized length of stay is 90 days. To remain longer in the country or to enter for other purposes (residence, study, research, work, etc.), you must request the corresponding visa at the Peruvian consulate of your country of residence before traveling.

Information on Peruvian consulates and embassies abroad found at www.rree.gob.pe

Languages

The official languages are Spanish (80% of the population), Quechua (Andean and highland regions), and Aymara (in the Puno high plateau). In addition, there are around 50 native languages. It is possible to communicate in English with tourist services workers such as tourist guides, travel agency employees and 3 to 5-star hotels staff.

Currency and forms of payment

The official currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S/.). The U.S. Dollar is accepted in some local businesses, restaurants and gas stations at the day’s exchange rate. It is also possible to exchange foreign currency (US$ and Euros) at hotels, banks and authorized exchange houses. For questions about the exchange rate, go to www.sbs.gob.pe
Working hours for most banks and exchange houses are from 9 A.M. to 6 P.M. Monday through Friday and Saturdays to 12:00 P.M. The country’s main cities have ATMs that accept different kinds of debit and credit cards. The most widely accepted credit cards are: American Express, VISA, Diners Club and MasterCard. Travelers checks have limitations, so we recommend consulting the establishment to see if they accept them or not before making purchases or ordering.

Electricity

220 volts. Most 4 and 5-star hotels do have outlets equipped for 110 volts.

Health care

Peru generally maintains good health conditions. Hospitals and clinics provide adequate services, specially in Lima and the other main cities.

  • Insurance

We advise all travelers to check the coverage of their personal health insurance policy. We highly recommended you to purchase a travel-insurance policy to cover theft, loss and medical problems for the duration of your trip. It is advisable to bring a small personal first aid kit with you.

  • Altitude Sickness (Soroche)

To help prevent altitude sickness the best measure is to acclimatize for at least two days with limited activity, eat light meals, drink lots of water and abstain from alcohol.
Altitude sickness begins affecting people who quickly ascend to altitudes over 2,500 m / 8,100 ft. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, insomnia and loss of appetite. Risk of altitude sickness increases with higher altitudes, faster ascents and more physical exertion; and severe cases include fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) or swelling of the brain (high-altitude cerebral edema) and can only be treated by descending immediately. Being physically fit does not necessarily mean you are free from risk of altitude sickness.
Travelers with heart conditions or high blood pressure should check with their doctors before travelling to high altitudes.

  • Immunization

If you plan to travel to the rainforest, the administration of a Yellow Fever vaccine 10 days in advance is strongly recommended, it must be administered at least 10 days before your trip if not, it will not be effective.
It is recommended that you take the proper measures to protect yourself, specially from mosquito bites, in order to prevent infection from, among other diseases, yellow fever (vaccination) and malaria (repellant and medication). Consult your doctor before traveling.

  • Water

We recommend you drink only bottled or previously boiled water and to bring a water bottle, especially if you will be travelling outside of the larger cities. To prevent dehydration, especially in the mountains, it is recommended to drink three litters of liquids daily - water or infusions.
To keep from getting gastrointestinal infections, we recommend you take care when eating raw foods. Drink bottled or boiled water and do not eat food from street vendors.

Peru’s Weather

Although Peru is in the tropics, its weather varies due to its geographical diversity (coast, highlands, Amazon) and to the cold water Humboldt Current northwards along most of the coast.

  • On the Coast

The central and southern region of the Peruvian coast is generally sunny in the summer (November to May) and cloudy during the rest of the year. Temperatures vary between 20ºC and 30ºC during the summer and 10ºC and 20ºC during the winter. The northern region of the coast has sunshine almost all year, can also get cloudy with some rain between November and March, depending on the seasonal presence of the “El Niño” current.

  • Peruvian Andes (Highlands)

The Peruvian Andes (clima de Sierra in Spanish) exhibits the largest diversity among the country. Temperature is inversely proportional to altitude, varying from temperate (annual average of 18 °C or 64 °F) in the low-lying valleys to frigid (annual average below 0 °C or 32 °F) in the highest elevations. The maximum temperature is often steady throughout the year, the low varying due to the presence of clouds in the rainy season, which help keeping to some extent the daytime heat during the night. In the absence of clouds, nights are much colder.
Precipitation varies in different scales and has a marked seasonality. The rainy season starts in September but peaks between January and March, whereas the May–August part of the year is characterized by strong insolation, very dry conditions and cold nights and mornings, which is almost the exact reverse, in terms of insolation, to the coast climate.

  • In the Rainforest

In the Rainforest it can rain all year round and there may be high temperatures. From November to May rain is heavier, rivers rise, but from May to September temperatures are generally milder but never cold, except sometimes in Madre de Dios Department (south) where cold air-masses move in from Bolivia and Argentina in the winter months and you may need to wear a light jacket/sweater.

Offices of Tourist information and assistance: IPerú

Iperú: Tourist information and assistance to, is a free service that provides:

  • Official tourist information on attractions, routes, destinations and businesses that provide tourist services.
  • Assistance if the services contracted for were not provided in the agreement offered by tour operators, through conciliation and mediation.

  • IPerú has 35 points of attention in 15 regions of Peru.
    Iperú can only help you if your complaint is against a company in the tourism sector. For other cases we recommend INDECOPI contact: www.indecopi.gob.pe.

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