Peruvian geography diverse, ancient and natural
Machu Picchu is the most fascinating cultural heritage in south america but Peru doesn´t have just packages. Because Peru is magic destination, is unique, is an alive culture that dates from before Christ, Inca culture had a short duration between 1432 and 1530 a.C. but before Inca´s empire arised, great cultures developed, most of them, in the northern Peru such as Caral, Moche (Temple o sun and the moon), Chimu (Chan Chan), Chachapoyas (Kuelap) and other ones. Together with this important cultural heritage, Peru is one of the 8 mega-diverse countries in the world and has 84 of the 117 life zones of the world.
In resume, the reasons that you must visit Peru are:
- To figure out its ancient ruins
- To see its natural diversity
- To experience its culture
- To meet friendly people
- To enjoy their culinary delights
- To feel environment
- To participate in its colorful festivals
- To know the wonderful wildlife
- To do adventures sports
Travel Life Peru wants to share the culture, history, and nature, everything about Peru will be a unique mixture of people, creation and innovation, every day, connecting services for you and making you to feel at home.
The entry into Peru for Citizens of most American and Western European countries does not require a tourist visa. The maximum period of stay granted by the authorities is 183 days (cannot be extended). In order to enter Peru it is indispensible to carry a valid passport. Citizens of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela and Chile may enter with their valid national identification document.
Check here if you need a visa: http://www.rree.gob.pe/ (only Spanish)
Information on Peruvian consulates and embassies abroad found at http://www.rree.gob.pe/SitePages/embajadas.aspx (only spanish)
The official languages are Spanish (80% of the population), Quechua (Andean and highland regions), and Aymara (in the Puno high plateau). In addition, there are around 50 native languages. It is possible to communicate in English with tourist services workers such as tourist guides, travel agency employees and 3 to 5-star hotels staff.
The official currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S/.). The U.S. Dollar is accepted in some local businesses, restaurants and gas stations at the day’s exchange rate. It is also possible to exchange foreign currency (US$ and Euros) at hotels, banks and authorized exchange houses. For questions about the exchange rate, go to www.sbs.gob.pe
Working hours for most banks and exchange houses are from 9 A.M. to 6 P.M. Monday through Friday and Saturdays to 12:00 P.M. The country’s main cities have ATMs that accept different kinds of debit and credit cards. The most widely accepted credit cards are: American Express, VISA, Diners Club and MasterCard. Travelers checks have limitations, so we recommend consulting the establishment to see if they accept them or not before making purchases or ordering.
220 volts. Most 4 and 5-star hotels do have outlets equipped for 110 volts.
Peru generally maintains good health conditions. Hospitals and clinics provide adequate services, specially in Lima and the other main cities.
We advise all travelers to check the coverage of their personal health insurance policy. We highly recommended you to purchase a travel-insurance policy to cover theft, loss and medical problems for the duration of your trip. It is advisable to bring a small personal first aid kit with you.
To help prevent altitude sickness the best measure is to acclimatize for at least two days with limited activity, eat light meals, drink lots of water and abstain from alcohol.
Altitude sickness begins affecting people who quickly ascend to altitudes over 2,500 m / 8,100 ft. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, insomnia and loss of appetite. Risk of altitude sickness increases with higher altitudes, faster ascents and more physical exertion; and severe cases include fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) or swelling of the brain (high-altitude cerebral edema) and can only be treated by descending immediately. Being physically fit does not necessarily mean you are free from risk of altitude sickness.
Travelers with heart conditions or high blood pressure should check with their doctors before travelling to high altitudes.
If you plan to travel to the rainforest, the administration of a Yellow Fever vaccine 10 days in advance is strongly recommended, it must be administered at least 10 days before your trip if not, it will not be effective.
It is recommended that you take the proper measures to protect yourself, specially from mosquito bites, in order to prevent infection from, among other diseases, yellow fever (vaccination) and malaria (repellant and medication). Consult your doctor before traveling.
We recommend you drink only bottled or previously boiled water and to bring a water bottle, especially if you will be travelling outside of the larger cities. To prevent dehydration, especially in the mountains, it is recommended to drink three litters of liquids daily - water or infusions.
To keep from getting gastrointestinal infections, we recommend you take care when eating raw foods. Drink bottled or boiled water and do not eat food from street vendors.
Although Peru is in the tropics, its weather varies due to its geographical diversity (coast, highlands, Amazon) and to the cold water Humboldt Current northwards along most of the coast.
The central and southern region of the Peruvian coast is generally sunny in the summer (November to May) and cloudy during the rest of the year. Temperatures vary between 20ºC and 30ºC during the summer and 10ºC and 20ºC during the winter. The northern region of the coast has sunshine almost all year, can also get cloudy with some rain between November and March, depending on the seasonal presence of the “El Niño” current.
The Peruvian Andes (clima de Sierra in Spanish) exhibits the largest diversity among the country. Temperature is inversely proportional to altitude, varying from temperate (annual average of 18 °C or 64 °F) in the low-lying valleys to frigid (annual average below 0 °C or 32 °F) in the highest elevations. The maximum temperature is often steady throughout the year, the low varying due to the presence of clouds in the rainy season, which help keeping to some extent the daytime heat during the night. In the absence of clouds, nights are much colder.
Precipitation varies in different scales and has a marked seasonality. The rainy season starts in September but peaks between January and March, whereas the May–August part of the year is characterized by strong insolation, very dry conditions and cold nights and mornings, which is almost the exact reverse, in terms of insolation, to the coast climate.
In the Rainforest it can rain all year round and there may be high temperatures. From November to May rain is heavier, rivers rise, but from May to September temperatures are generally milder but never cold, except sometimes in Madre de Dios Department (south) where cold air-masses move in from Bolivia and Argentina in the winter months and you may need to wear a light jacket/sweater.
Iperú: Tourist information and assistance to, is a free service that provides:
- Official tourist information on attractions, routes, destinations and businesses that provide tourist services.
- Assistance if the services contracted for were not provided in the agreement offered by tour operators, through conciliation and mediation.
- IPerú has 35 points of attention in 15 regions of Peru.
More useful information: http://www.peru.travel/en-us/plan-your-trip/entering-peru.aspx
For more information: http://www.peru.travel